Topic Areas:

Manuscript Keywords:

Children's Health, School Zones,

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Why is this useful?

The advantage of using modeled air toxics data is that it gives us concentration estimates for every census tract in California that hosts a school.
While criteria pollutants are measured through a statewide monitoring network, these air monitors are often located far apart from each other and certain locations have no monitoring information.


Manuel Pastor Jr.,Rachel Morello-Frosch,James L. Sadd


The exposure of children to environmental disamenities has emerged as a key policy concern in recent years, with some analysts and activists suggesting that minority children are disproportionately impacted. Utilizing a dataset that combines air toxics at the census tract level with school-based demographic and other information, this article indicates disparate exposures for students of color in California schools and suggests that there may be negative impacts on one measure of academic performance, even after controlling for other factors usually associated with test scores. Policy implications include a special focus on school remediation and strengthening overall efforts to reduce emissions “hot spots.”


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