Health and Medicine —Public Health and Prevention Health and Medicine —Policy, Reviews and Evaluations
health equity, community action,
Why is this useful?
This very long document was produced by the National Academies of Science, a relatively reputable institution. Using primarily evidence based resources, it discusses how and why health equity is crucial for the well-being of communities. It explains determinants of health, including upstream, societal factors that contribute to health disparities, including social, economic, environmental, and structural factors (including poverty, structural racism, and discrimination). The document also explains, from the authors perspectives, how communities have agency to promote health equity, and that community-based solutions are necessary but not sufficient. They describe examples and models where public and private policies along with diverse multi-sector collaboration can support community action, and are necessary in order to promote health equity. It's the type of article that could be a good reference in a grant application.